Allows a signal to be played through your speakers or other audio device
To set the Audio sampling rate, click the drop-down menu to see popular rates. Note: not all sampling rates will be supported by your hardware. For typical applications, this should be set to 48kHz.
Leave the device name blank to choose the default audio device. Selecting a specific device name depends on the OS.
On OSX, go into the System Preferences, click on "Sound", and then the "Output" tab. The listings under "Name" contain the exact device names currently available; if a new audio device is attached to the computer then a new name will appear -- for example "Headphones" for some Macs. Since most such device names contain spaces, make sure to put quotes around the name argument, for example:
spectrum_inversion.py -O "MacBook Pro Speakers"
On Linux, the device is selected via ALSA, where typical choices include:
default(selected if left empty)
- This will use the default device. Note that in most desktop systems this is actually managed by PipeWire or PulseAudio, to check this, you can execute
aplay -L | grep -A1 ^default.
- This will select the hardware card 0, device 0. To check the list of available cards/devices, issue the command
aplay -l(note that
-lis lower case here).
- This is the same as
hw:0,0but enables software processing, which allows e.g. selecting a sample rate not natively supported by the sound card.
pipewire(to explicitly use PipeWire)
pulse(to explicitly use PulseAudio)
For ALSA users with audio trouble, follow this procedure:
- from a terminal window enter:
- find the desired entry such as:
hw:CARD=Generic,DEV=0 HD-Audio Generic, ALC662 rev3 Analog Direct hardware device without any conversions
from the list which matches your device. To use an HDMI monitor with speakers, find an appropriate entry with "HDMI" in it.
- use the first line of that entry (e.g. "hw:CARD=Generic,DEV=0") as the device name. Unless the name has spaces in it, the quotes are optional.
- For issues or debugging, see ALSAPulseAudio.
On Windows, go into the Settings, cllck on "System", click on "Sound", and then the "Output" tab. The listings under "Name" contain the exact device names currently available; if a new audio device is attached to the computer then a new name will appear, for example "Headphones". Since most of the device names contain spaces, make sure to put quotes around the name argument, for example:
"Speakers (Realtek High Definition Audio)"
OK to Block
On by default, which should be used when this sink is not throttled by any other block.
The audio sink can have multiple inputs depending upon your hardware. For example, set the inputs to 2 for stereo or 1 for mono.
This flowgraph should play a 1 kHz tone out of your speakers. Note that you don't need a throttle block, the Audio Sink should throttle for you. If you do end up using an already-throttled signal source, then set "OK to Block" to No.