Clock Recovery MM
This implements the Mueller and Mueller (M&M) discrete-time error-tracking synchronizer. The peak to peak input signal amplitude must be symmetrical about zero, as the M&M timing error detector (TED) is a decision directed TED, and this block uses a symbol decision slicer referenced at zero. The input signal peak amplitude should be controlled to a consistent level (e.g. +/- 1.0) before this block to achieve consistent results for given gain settings; as the TED's output error signal is directly affected by the input amplitude. The input signal must have peaks in order for the TED to output a correct error signal. If the input signal pulses do not have peaks (e.g. rectangular pulses) the input signal should be conditioned with a matched pulse filter or other appropriate filter to peak the input pulses. For a rectangular base pulse that is N samples wide, the matched filter taps would be [1.0/float(N)]*N, or in other words a moving average over N samples. This block will output samples at a rate of one sample per recovered symbol, and is thus not outputting at a constant rate. Output symbols are not a subset of input, but may be interpolated.
The complex version here is based on: Modified Mueller and Muller clock recovery circuit: G. R. Danesfahani, T.G. Jeans, "Optimisation of modified Mueller and Muller algorithm," Electronics Letters, Vol. 31, no. 13, 22 June 1995, pp. 1032 - 1033.
- Omega (R)
- Initial estimate of samples per symbol
- Gain Omega (R)
- Gain setting for omega update loop
- Mu (R)
- Initial estimate of phase of sample
- Gain Mu (R)
- Gain setting for mu update loop
- Omega Relative Limit
- Limit on omega