- 1 Installing GNU Radio with Cygwin
- 1.1 Installing Cygwin
- 1.2 Installing Utilities and Third-Party Libraries
- 1.3 Building and Installing a GNU Radio Release
- 1.4 Building and Installing GNU Radio from the the Git Repository
- 1.5 Installing the Driver for the USRP
- 1.6 Where to Go From Here
Installing GNU Radio with Cygwin
The easiest way to install GNU Radio on Windows is to use the Cygwin (http://www.cygwin.com) environment. Once Cygwin and the required utilities and third-party libraries are installed, installation of GNU Radio is as easy on Windows as it is on Linux.
These instructions are for release 3.3.0 and are current as of December 19, 2010. They cover installation of the core GNU Radio components and components for using the USRP, wxPython GUI, and PortAudio. They do not cover installation of components needed for USRP2, GRC, SDL video, or the Qt GUI. FIXME: The instructions for installing from the latest repository are completely out-of-date.
To install GNU Radio with Cygwin you need to:
- Install the Cygwin environment
- Install the required utilities and third-party libraries
- Build and install GNU Radio
- Install the driver for the USRP (if you have a USRP)
Installing Cygwin is easy, but there are a few details to worry about; see getting started with Cygwin. If you have previously installed Cygwin, you should check to see that your packages are up-to-date.
Installing Utilities and Third-Party Libraries
Utilities and third-party libraries are of two types: those that are available as Cygwin packages and those that must be downloaded and/or built separately.
apt-cyg may help you installing. It works like aptitude, so you can install and search packages from the command line.
Installing Cygwin packages
You will need the following Cygwin packages to build GNU Radio. For instructions on installing Cygwin packages see getting started with Cygwin:
- cmake (version 2.8)
- cppunit 1.12.0-1 (1.12.1 doesn't work)
- gcc-g++ (3.4.4 works, but 4.3.4 does not)
- python (instructions below assume you have python 2.6)
In order to use a USRP you will also need:
If you want to install from source, you will need:
Other libraries and utilities
Some of the libraries and utilities required by GNU Radio are not available as Cygwin packages. These packages must be installed manually:
- boost: see instructions in hints, tips, known problems, and solutions for Windows
- wxPython: not required for all applications, but extremely useful; see installing wxPython
If you need simultaneous capture and play of audio from your sound card or have difficulties with the basic audio support, you may want:
- PortAudio: see installing PortAudio
Building and Installing a GNU Radio Release
GNU Radio can be built either from a release tarball (more stable) or from the latest code in the
git repository (latest features). This section describes how to build from the release tarball. Additional considerations when building from the
git repository are described later.
Downloading the Release Source Code
Download the latest release of the GNU Radio source code from http://gnuradio.org/releases/gnuradio/gnuradio-3.7.2.tar.gz to a convenient working directory. Be sure that the name of your working directory does not contain any spaces. Unpack the tarball with
$ tar -zxf gnuradio-3.7.2.tar.gz
to produce the directory
Preparing to Build
You must specify where to find the pkg-config configuration files:
$ export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig
Building a Minimal GNU Radio System
GNU Radio is a large system with many options. The simplest build procedure configures and builds all the modules that it can, but you can customize your installation (and maybe save some time) by specifying appropriate options. For a first test, it is helpful to build a minimal GNU Radio. This is done with the commands:
$ cd gnuradio-3.7.2 $ mkdir build $ cd build $ cmake -DENABLE_DEFAULT=False -DENABLE_VOLK=True -DENABLE_GNURADIO_RUNTIME=True \ -DENABLE_GR_BLOCKS=True -DENABLE_GR_FFT=True -DENABLE_GR_FILTER=True \ -DENABLE_GR_ANALOG=True -DENABLE_GR_AUDIO=True ../
This disables all components except those explicitly enabled, namely VOLK, gnuradio-runtime, gr-blocks, and gr-audio. To build and install these components use the commands:
$ make $ make test $ make install
You may get warning messages, but unless one of these commands stops with an error message you should have a working installation of GNU Radio. If you do get errors be sure to check hints, tips, known problems, and solutions for Windows. If an older version of GNU Radio was installed previously, you should remove it with
make uninstall before you get to
To actually make GNU Radio do something, try:
$ export PYTHONPATH=/usr/local/lib/python2.6/site-packages $ cd gr-audio/examples/python/ $ python dial_tone.py
This should produce a dial tone through your speakers. If Python gives you an error message, there is a problem with your installation of GNU Radio. If you get no error messages but no sound, check to see that your speakers are turned on, your volume is turned up, and that the "Wave" source is enabled in your audio control panel. Use Ctrl-C to stop the dial tone. If
dial_tone.py stops by itself without producing sound or gives a Windows error pop-up, your version of Cygwin may be out of date (see hints, tips, known problems, and solutions for Windows).
PYTHONPATH environment variable must be set to tell Python where to find the GNU Radio extension modules.
With this minimal GNU Radio system you can capture signals from your sound card, read signals from a file, or generate signals; process signals; and play signals on your sound card or save them to a file. Note that you cannot simultaneously capture and play signals using the same sound card with the OSS module of gr-audio.
Building a Full GNU Radio System
Building a full GNU Radio system is simpler but takes longer:
$ cd gnuradio-3.7.2 $ mkdir build $ cd build $ cmake ../
This enables all components for which the required libraries and utilities are available. To build and install these components use the commands:
$ make $ make test $ make install
Unless one of these steps fails due to an error, you should have a working GNU Radio installation. If one of the steps fails, you may be able to disable the component that failed. If an old version of GNU Radio is installed, you should remove it with
make uninstall before doing
make check sometimes fails on Cygwin due to problems with "sem_init" or "allocate_lock". These are Python and/or Cygwin problems, which don't affect most users of GNU Radio.
Be sure that
PYTHONPATH is set as above before running a GNU Radio application.
Building and Installing GNU Radio from the the Git Repository
If you want the latest features and are willing to deal with code that is still in development, you can check out the latest code from the git repository:
$ git clone https://github.com/gnuradio/gnuradio.git
Be sure to use the Cygwin version of git (available from Cygwin setup); other versions of git for Windows may produce files with an extra CR (
^M) character at the end of each line.
The procedure for building the git version is like that given above for building the release version, but because the git version is constantly changing, there may be extra requirements a need for patches. Note that the lists of requirements and patches may become out of date at any time.
- none known at this time
The following patches are needed:
- no patches are needed as of 30 Dec 2013
To apply a patch, follow the link to the listing of the patch file and download it to your gnuradio directory using the Original Format link at the bottom of the page. Then use the command
$ patch -p0 -b -i file.patch
file.patch with the name of the patch file) to apply the patch.
Make sure to set the necessary environment variables:
$ export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig
The remainder of the build process is the same as for the release version except that boost should be found automatically in
$ cd build $ cmake ../ $ make $ make test $ make install
Be sure that no older version of GNU Radio is installed when running
Installing the Driver for the USRP
If you have a USRP you will need to install the driver for it; see installing the USRP driver for Windows.
Where to Go From Here
Now that your GNU Radio system is installed, it is time to start exploring. The best way to learn about GNU Radio is to study and modify the examples in the various 'examples' subdirectories of the different components, such as