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DRAFT REVISION Guided_Tutorial_Hardware_Considerations

Introduction

One of the great strengths of GNU Radio is how easy it is to move from simulation to real-world operation. In this tutorial, we will build on what you have learned so far and create a complete FM radio receiver which you can use to listen to your local FM radio stations. Also we will discuss considerations that come into play when working with real-world radio hardware.

Prerequisites

What Will I Need?

Even if you don't have an actual radio to work with, this tutorial is still useful. Perform the following steps:

This tutorial will be most useful, however, if you have a piece of radio hardware that you can use with GNU Radio. There are a large number of vendors who provide hardware with GNU Radio drivers. They span from very cheap $20 receivers to very high-performance tens-of-thousands-of-dollars systems. See Hardware for additional information.

Building an FM Radio Receiver

This tutorial is divided into two sections: "Signal Processing" and "Hardware". Various popular hardware devices are shown so that you can build with your available device.

GNU Radio Signal Processing

Using gnuradio-companion (GRC) and the following Block descriptions, build this flowgraph:

FM receiver fg.png

Block descriptions

  • The Options block identifies the filename for the flowgraph, a title, author, etc.
    • id: FM_receive
    • Title: Broadcast FM receiver
    • click Apply
    • click OK
    • click on File -> Save As  Use the file name 'FM_receive'. the extension '.grc' is added automatically
  • Variable block
    • id: samp_rate
    • value: 384000
  • Variable block
    • id: rf_decim
    • value: 1000
  • Variable block
    • id: interp
    • value: 384
  • Variable block
    • id: deviation
    • value: 75000
  • Variable block
    • id: audio_decim
    • value: 8
  • The QT GUI Range block defines an Audio gain (volume) control
    • id: volume
    • default value: 0.3
    • start: 0.0
    • stop: 1.0
    • step: 0.1
    • Widget: slider (or you can choose whichever you like)
  • File Source
    • File: /home/barry/Downloads/fm_101.8MHz_1Msps.cfile (use your file path)
    • Output Type: Complex
    • Repeat: Yes
  • Rational Resampler
    • Type: Complex -> Complex (Complex Taps)
    • Interpolation: interp
    • Decimation: rf_decim
  • FM Demod
    • Channel Rate: samp_rate
    • Audio Decimation: audio_decim
    • Deviation: deviation
    • Audio Pass: 16000
    • Audio Stop: 20000
  • The value of the volume control is used as a multiplier in the Multiply Const block.
    • Constant: volume
  • The speaker output is created by an Audio Sink block. The parameters are:
    • Sample rate: set to 48khz (use the pull-down)
    • Device name: for most speakers (or headphone jacks) built into the computer, the Device name can be left blank; for other cases, see Audio_Sink#Device_Name

Testing

Using GRC, click the Run icon or click Run -> Execute from the menu. After a few seconds, a GUI window will open with the Volume control and you should hear the radio station.

To terminate the process cleanly, click on the 'X' in the upper corner of the GUI rather than using Control-C.

Hardware Front End

UHD / USRP

ADALM-PLUTO

RTL-SDR dongle

FunCube Pro+